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How To Play Flute (Wooden, Pan, Nose Flute): Top Ultimate Guide 2023

How To Play Flute (Wooden, Pan, Nose Flute) Top Ultimate Guide 2023

If you want to learn how to play flute, this guide is for you. The flute is a beautiful and popular musical instrument. playing the flute can be very rewarding, but it takes practice and patience to get good at it. And now we’ll show you how to get started with easy-to-follow instructions.

How To Play The Flute

Assembly of the Flute

Assembly of the Flute

Step 1: Go to a music store and buy or rent a flute.

Consult the staff to determine which flute is suitable for a beginner. Consider purchasing a flute if you wish to have your instrument. Otherwise, see if the store rents out tools so you can borrow one when you need one.

A beginner flute can be purchased for r roughly $50 ; however they may not be of the highest quality.

Many retailers provide a rent-to-own option, which allows you to spread the cost of your instrument over time.

Alternatively, you can make your own flute easily by bamboo, pvc or even paper.

Step 2: Insert the head joint into the flute’s end.

The part of your flute with the lip plate and hole where you breathe into the instrument is called the head joint. Remove the head joint and the main body of the flute from the casing. You can secure the head joint by inserting and twisting it into the side of the flute. Squeeze the head joint against the main body.

While putting your flute together, avoid grabbing onto any of the rods or keys on the flute’s body since they can easily be destroyed.

Step 3: Align the hole in the head joint with the flute’s first key. Locate the first key on the flute’s main body. To align the mouth hole with the key, twist the head joint. To ensure the fix is aligned, hold the flute to your eye level and gaze down the body.

It will be more difficult to play your flute with a whole tone if the hole is too far forward or backward.

Step 4: Align the metal pin with the keys and push the foot joint into position.

The foot joint, which has a few rods and keys, is the last part of your flute. To attach the foot joint:
Push it into the bottom end of the flute and twist it in place.
Check that it fits snugly against the main body.
Rotate the foot joint so that the long metal pin that runs down it aligns with the bottom key on your flute body.

Step 5: Adjust the head joint to tune your flute.

Use a chromatic tuner or a phone app to tune your instrument. Check if a note is flat or sharp, suggesting it is too low or too high. If the instrument’s head joint is sharp, twist and draws it out somewhat. Make your flute shorter by pushing the head joint in farther if your flute is flat. Make any necessary adjustments to the flute until it is in tune.

How To Hold A Flute

How To Hold A Flute

Step 1: Use your left hand to control the keys closest to the head joint.

Place your thumb on the first key on the bottom of the flute’s body, with your palm facing you. Wrap your remaining fingers around the flute’s other side. The 2nd, 4th, and 5th keys should be occupied by your index, middle, and ring fingers. Your pinky should be resting on the paddle-shaped side key.

To support the flute’s weight, use the crook of your hand between your thumb and index finger.

Step 2: Control the keys at the end of the flute with your right hand.

Support the bottom of the flute with your thumb. To make it easier to press the keys, turn your palm away from you. Locate the bottom three keys on your flute’s main body. You should encourage each key with the index, middle, and ring fingers. Press the first key on the foot joint with your right pinky.

Keep your fingers curled while holding your flute so that your hands form a C shape.

Don’t instantly press down on the keys. Keep your fingertips lying on top of them instead.

Step 3: Align the flute with the floor.

The flute’s end can be angled slightly downward. Sit on the edge of your chair with your back straight and your eyes forward. Raise the flute to your mouth while keeping your arms relaxed and away from your body. Rather than angling the flute down, make sure it is parallel to the ground.

Keep your feet shoulder-width apart and firmly planted on the ground if you want to play your flute standing up.

How To Blow Into A Flute

How To Blow Into A Flute

Step 1: Place the hole beneath the center of your bottom lip.

Set the lip plate behind your lower lip while holding the flute parallel to the floor. Place the flute between your chin and lower lip to get the best support. To get the finest tone, ensure the hole is in the center of your lips.

You may not be able to produce a full sound while playing your flute if the hole is misplaced.

Step 2: Tighten your lips while keeping the corners of your mouth smooth and relaxed.

Firm the muscles in the corners of your mouth, but not so much that they wrinkle or purse your lips. To obtain the appropriate lip posture or embouchure, pretend you’re uttering the letter “M.”

Step 3: Blow air into the opening from the center of your lips.

To blow air into the instrument, slightly open your mouth as if you were about to speak the letter “P.” To play the flute, take a deep breath and exhale slowly at the hole. The air will pass through the flute’s body and produce notes.

If you open your lips too wide, the air will not enter the instrument.

If you’re having trouble hearing the instrument, try moving your mouth forward or backward to direct the airflow.

Step 4: Make brief notes by moving your tongue back and forth.

Move your tongue like you’re speaking the word “too” while playing your flute. This will help differentiate the notes you’re playing rather than make them sound like they’re gliding together. To transition between a short series of small notes and longer, independent notes, alternate moving your tongue faster and slower.

“Staccato” is the term for these notes.

Step 5: Adjust the pitch of your note by changing the pace of your breath.

To hit notes in a lower register, take a deep breath and slowly exhale across the hole on your flute. Then, on the next breath, slightly tighten the corners of your mouth and exhale swiftly to produce a higher-pitched sound. Alternating between high and low notes while playing will help you develop a wider range.

If your lips aren’t smooth and wrinkle-free, you won’t be able to play with a whole tone.

Aim your airstream upward when playing high notes.

Step 6: Learn how to play different notes by looking at a fingering chart.

Fingering charts can assist you in learning how to play through a scale’s notes. Look for a fingering chart for your flute type to see which keys to press for each note. While playing, go over each fingering so you can quickly switch between notes.

Many instructional flute books include a fingering chart so you may refer to it easily.

How To Play A Pan Flute

How To Play A Pan Flute

Getting Your Body in the Right Place

Step 1: Sit or stand in a comfortable, upright position.

Maintain a tall posture by keeping your body erect. If you choose to sit, ensure that your back is straight to hold the flute in front of your body comfortably. Maintain a relaxed state of mind.

Step 2:With both hands, hold the pan flute. Hold the flute’s long tube end in a handshake grip with your right hand.

Place the flute upright, with the tubes parallel to your body. Hold the end of the flute with the short tubes with your left hand.

Typically, the pan flute is curved. Face the curve of the flute toward your body.

Maintain horizontal alignment of the pan flute with your head. As a result, if your head tilts one way or the other, the flute should also tilt to keep up.

Step 3: Take a deep breath and relax your arms.

As you hold the pan flute, keep your arms relaxed. This will allow you to slide it back and forth while blowing it into various tubes.

Step 4: Create the proper embouchure.

When playing the pan flute, your embouchure is the positioning and contour of your mouth and lips to control airflow. Make a tiny smile and purse your lips slightly to form your embouchure. Make a tiny gap between your lips. Place the pan flute on your bottom lip and blow into the tube of the pipe as if you were blowing into a bottle.

To change the airflow directly into the tube, move the bottom of the flute away from you or closer to you.

To produce a decent sound, adjust the location of the tube’s top higher or lower based on your mouth and lips.

Tighten your lips and embouchure (shorter tubes) when playing higher notes. When playing lower notes, relax your embouchure (longer tubes).

Experimenting with Basic Playing Techniques

Step 1: Blow air into the pan flute.

You’re ready to play the flute after your body is positioned correctly. Blow a steady, powerful air stream into one of the pan flute’s tubes through your embouchure.

Make slight changes to your embouchure and the location of the flute to get the sound you want.

Step 2: Make distinct noises by pronouncing different letters.

You can change the sound of the flute by moving your tongue to pronounce different consonant letter sounds when blowing air into it. The T sound is the most common letter-sound when playing the pan flute. You can also adjust the sound of the pan flute by making B, P, or D notes.

Step 3: On your pan flute, play half-notes.

There are full notes (such as C, B, and A) and half-notes in a musical scale (such as C sharp, E flat, and so on). The tubes on a pan flute create full notes, but you may achieve half-tones by using alternative playing techniques and expanding your musical range. Try one of these methods to play half-notes:

Tilt the flute: Tilt the bottom of the pan flute away from you so that your lower lip covers part of the tube aperture.

At the exact moment, gently press the flute on your upper lip.

Retract your jaw: You can also play half-notes by retracting your jaw. While guiding air into one of the tubes, pull your chin backward.

Step 4: Bend your pan flute sounds.

Bending notes gives your playing more musicality and depth. A bent note is a sound that begins as a flat note and climbs upward to settle on the correct pitch or a sound that starts as a sharp note and moves downward to land on the right message. To send a note, use the following formula:

To bend a note downward, tilt the flute away from your body. Maintain a consistent airflow.

Step 5: Play staccato notes.

Short, nearly sharp-sounding notes are called staccato notes.

These are very useful while playing fast music. To play a staccato note, make a sharp T sound while quickly moving your tongue to the rear of your front teeth.

Step 6: Create a vibrato sound.

Vibrato is a swaying sound that gives your playing depth. To make a vibrato, or wavering, sound, change the strength of the airflow into a tube from strong to weak over and over.

You can also get a vibrato sound by moving the pan flute a short distance towards and away from your lips. Do this fast while maintaining a continuous and forceful airflow.

Step 7: While playing, flutter your tongue.

When you play, flutter your tongue to make a trilling sound. Make a purring or rolling R sound with your tongue to accomplish so. Maintain a steady stream of air through the pipe’s tube.

Practicing your Techniques

Step 1: Learn to play scales.

A musical scale is a series of ascending notes. They can change depending on the key you’re playing in. A typical scale begins with C and progresses to the following C. (C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C). Play each note as if it were a distinct, crisp tone.

Working on staccato and vibrato sounds, practice different strategies while traveling up and down the musical scale.

Use half-notes to practice a scale. Play the usual note first, then the half note by tilting the flute toward or away from your body on each tube.

Step 2: Get some simple songs under your belt.

Simple tunes like “Mary Had a Little Lamb” will let you practice different methods and learn how to travel between sounds. Imagine you’re playing on a panpipe with eight pipes, and each pipe is numbered 1 to 8. Imagine each pipe has a number as you hold it to your mouth.

The first pipe is the longest, followed by pipes 2, 3, and so on. The number 8 pipe is the shortest.

Blow into the pipe that corresponds to each number to play “Mary Had a Little Lamb”: 3, 2, 1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 5, 5, 3, 2, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 1

Step 3: Put in a lot of practice time.

Playing the pan flute regularly is the most effective approach to enhance your technique. Play for 30-60 minutes daily to help you become used to shaping your embouchure.

Step 4: Work on your technique in front of a mirror.

While playing, use a mirror to observe your technique. As you play, pay attention to the form of your mouth. Experiment with different embouchures to see what different tones you can achieve.

Step 5: Join a group of pan flutists for a performance.

Playing with a group of individuals who also play the pan flute is a great method to enhance your technique. Other people can teach you skills and provide you with comments on your own.

How to Take Care of Your Pan Flute

Step 1: After each performance, clean your pan flute.

Moisture can build up inside the tubes of your pan flute while you play it. Swab the inside of each tube with a soft, damp cloth after you’ve finished playing. Allow the flute to dry completely before storing it.

Step 2: Protect your pan flute by keeping it in a protective case.

After playing, dry the flute and keep it in a cloth-protected case. The cloth should be porous enough to allow any remaining moisture to escape. You should store the pan flute in a case to protect it from dust and damage.

Step 3: Keep your pan flute safe from extreme temperature swings.

Wooden instruments are susceptible to temperature and humidity variations. Maintain a stable temperature environment for your pan flute. For example, please don’t leave it in a hot car.

Step 4: Make sure the mouthpieces are smooth.

The mouthpieces of the pan flute can grow abrasive over time due to regular use. To smooth down the mouthpieces, use a tuning rod. Rub the tops of the tubes with a tuning rod to help smooth out any fibers sticking out.

Step 5: Repair any cracks in the tubes.

The sound of a pan flute can be altered or compromised by cracks and hairline fractures. Check your flute for cracks or ruptures regularly. For a quick remedy, use sticky tape to patch them up. Seal the crack with beeswax for a long-term fix.

Alternatively, take the pan flute to a competent musical instrument repair shop for service.

How to Play High Notes On Flute

How to Play High Notes On Flute

Make sure you have enough air (but not too much)

The high notes may ben’t coming out or sounding off for various reasons. Air is one of the most crucial parts of our flute performance. Our notes will not be supported if we do not use enough air; thus, we should always focus on taking in plenty of air before performing.

On the other hand, if we use too much air, we would most likely produce a distorted sound and feel dizzy. You’ll eventually find the sweet spot between the proper amount of air and all of the other elements listed below.

Higher air pressure and faster air

The speed and intensity of the air are related to the amount of air you use. You’ll probably feel lightheaded or have high notes that sound hazy and unfocused if you merely blow more air with no purpose. Instead, we must concentrate on the air and ensure that it is moving at the proper speed.

Consider how you’d blow out the candles on a birthday cake. Even though you utilize more air each time, your first few tries fail to move the flames. The same procedure will not blow out the candles; therefore, you’ll need to add more air to the mix.

The flames are extinguished when you utilize your abs to send air through your body quickly. Consider this if you’re trying to perform high notes on the flute.

Hissing is another workout you might attempt. Make a snake sound by using the syllable “tsss.” You may be tempted to do it quietly since it feels strange, but try turning up the volume. You’ll feel your abs working and use more air due to this.

Hold the “tsss” sound for four slow beats without lowering the volume. When playing high notes, we strive to achieve this experience.

Aperture reduction

We need to reduce the size of our aperture, or the hole in our lips, so that our air has less room to flow through and, as a result, moves faster when the air pressure rises. Consider a garden hose. When you use a hose without nozzles, the water has more room to flow slowly and may only go a few inches to a foot in front of you.

Because there is much smaller space for the water to flow out when you cover part of the hose with your finger, it is pushed to flow out faster at higher air pressure. Water sprays much farther and with a much stronger flow as a result of this (this is the technique you would use to spray your friend who is 8 feet away).

When you perform this with a smaller aperture and a higher air pressure, you get the same effect and, as a result, higher notes! Avoid making your aperture too narrow or clenching your jaw, as this will result in a tight, forced, and small tone.

Increase the airflow direction.

To play high notes, we need faster air, higher air pressure, and a narrower aperture, but we also need to change the direction of our airstream. We can achieve this by bringing our bottom lip and jaw forward slightly.

Put your hand in front of your mouth and blow consistently, as if you were playing a note in the middle register, to see where the air hits your hand. Then, gently forward your jaw and lower lip, and feel where the atmosphere meets your hand – it should be higher! This will help those high notes stand out.

It’s a good idea to practice moving between fingerings.

Some of us can play the high notes fine, but once we reach the top of our range, we lose track of our fingerings or fumble while trying to play them quickly. Because upper register fingerings are less intuitive than lower register fingerings, we must devote more time to them and pay close attention to each note.

The first step toward improving our finger dexterity is to recognize that everyone has more difficulty with fingerings in the upper register, so we should let go of any judgment or shame about how difficult it is to play the chromatic scale’s highest octave.

The following stage is to practice slowly and deliberately. In all aspects of flute playing, slow practice is essential. It’s tempting to play scales quickly since they sound enjoyable, and it feels good to be able to do so. However, if we’re stumbling and making a lot of finger blunders, it’s a sign that we’re practicing too quickly.

Slowing down the speed will assist a lot, but we also need to practice moving back and forth between notes to get a sense of familiarity with the less comfortable fingerings.

Here’s a short activity to help you practice. Choose a scale and play the scale’s highest octave. Let’s start with a Bb Major scale on the second octave (the Bb right above the staff up to high Bb). Set your metronome to quarter note = 60 and turn it on.

Play each note in half notes (Bb-C-Bb-C…) while switching between two notes simultaneously. Continue going back and forth until you’re satisfied with the notes. Then continue to the following two notes (C-D-C-D…) and play them till you’re happy.

It’s worth noting that the lower end of the scale may already seem comfortable at this tempo, but the higher end may present additional challenges.

As a result, we need to be patient and keep the music at a slower tempo so that our fingers can catch up. Concentrate on moving all of your fingers at once and keeping them close to the keys. You can try pushing up the metronome or playing the notes in quarter notes once your fingers move smoothly at the top of the scale.

Cleanliness and precision, not speed, are the objectives.

Play with assurance

Playing the flute confidently is easier said than done, but it is necessary, especially when we reach the high register. It won’t come out if we don’t expect a high note will come out. If we fear how our high notes will sound in the band, we may avoid using the assistance we require to play with attention and control.

As a flute teacher, I’ve seen that every one of my students’ connections with the high range is unique. It’s critical to have the freedom to experiment with playing in the stratosphere to acquire confidence and discover what feels right.

Spend some time playing in the high range (earplugs encouraged!) in a spot in your home where you feel comfortable experimentings, such as your basement, bedroom, garage, or other room. When it comes to playing high notes, a mix of time, skill, and repetitions will help you feel and sound more at ease.

It takes a lot of trial and error, squeaks and cracks, and a lot of loud, airy notes to find a relaxed tone in our high range and get the confidence to play high notes on the flute.


Is It Simple To Learn To Play The Flute?

The flute is a medium-level instrument to master. The flute fingerings and instrument upkeep are simple to manage. For some, though, producing sound and playing the more difficult music associated with the flute is difficult. Fortunately, with the correct assistance, problems can be easily overcome.

Is The Flute Easier To Learn Than The Guitar?

The guitar and piano, in my experience, are easier to learn than the flute, clarinet, or trumpet. Not just fingering but also embouchure are required for woodwind and brass instruments. Fingering is all that is required for piano and guitar.

How To Play Wooden Flute?

How To Play A Nose Flute?


That’s all about how to play flute for beginners. Fidlar hope you found interesting in this post, and let us know if you have any questions in the comment section below.

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