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How Many Keys On A Piano? Get The Best Answer Now 2023!

How Many Keys On A Piano Get The Best Answer Now 2023!
  • Max Kuehn

If you’re curious about how many keys on a piano, you’ve come to the right place. Keep reading to find out the answer and learn a little bit about the history of the piano and tips for choosing the right number of piano keys.

How Many Keys Are On A Piano?

88 keys are found on grand and upright pianos. It is possible to get both digital pianos with 88 keys and digital pianos with fewer than 88 keys suitable for beginning pianists and musicians. If you want to play classical piano, you’ll need a piano with all 88 keys.

Digital keyboards with 25, 45, 78, 84, 101, 102, and 104 keys are also available. This figure fluctuates based on the company. The numerous varieties of pianos and how they differ are listed below.


How Many Keys Are On A Piano

History Of How The First Piano Was Made

The piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori. His birth date was 4th May. He died on January 27, 1731. He was from Italy.

Cristofori was an inventor and a person who made instruments. Perhaps his best work was making it, which is why he is so well-known for it.

There were a lot of problems with people not being able to control how loud the music was on the harpsichord. He decided to replace the plucking hammer mechanism. His age at the time was 76. He did this in 1701.

First, the “gravicembalo col piano e” was called “a harpsichord that can play soft and loud sounds.” The name was later changed to “piano.”

His early pianos had strings that were thinner than today’s pianos, which were quieter but more stable.

Some of the world’s best and most famous artists have now played the piano, like Mozart and Ray Charles.

He also made Spinneton and oval spinet. Before he started to work on this instrument, he made both of these things, too. He is also said to have made a lot of other keyboard instruments, not just the ones he made here.

Pianos Of Various Types

Grand Piano

How many keys on a grand piano? The conventional keys are 88. The length is 4.5 to 9.5 feet, and the breadth is around 5 feet (60 inches) (54 inches to 114 inches). The weight of a grand piano ranges from 500 to 1,200 pounds.

The horizontal soundboards have longer strings and a larger soundboard area. The keys go deeper into the piano, giving the pianist more control over the tone. They are the world’s largest and most expensive pianos.

Because of its horizontal orientation, the grand piano is easier to play than the upright one. The hammers do not work in opposition to gravity. The sound quality is also improved due to the rich, whole tone generated by the instrument.

Stuart and Sons just completed a 102-key grand piano. As this is an unprecedented development, some piano companies may follow.

Grand pianos range in price from $10,000 to $150,000.

Grand Petit

Petit grand pianos have 88 keys and stands between 4’5″ and 4’10” tall (53 to 58 inches), is 5′ (60 inches) wide, and has a 3-foot (36 inches) wide tail. It is the minor grand piano available. As a result, it can be performed in smaller spaces.

Grand Piano for Children

Consider a baby grand piano. A baby grand piano has how many keys? On a baby grand piano, there are also 88 keys. It is typically 5 feet (60 inches) wide and 4’11” to 5’11” long (59 inches to 72 inches).

Grand Medium

The medium grand piano has 88 keys as the other grand piano. It is a medium-sized piano, measuring 5’6″ to 5’8″ (66 inches to 68 inches) in length. The classical grand piano is another name for it.

Grand Professional

The 88-key professional grand piano has a length of 5’9″ to 6’2″ (69 inches to 74 inches). It is classified as a grand piano. As a result, this is the ideal piano for professionals.

Grand Parlor

It is 6’3″ to 6’10” (75 inches to 82 inches) long and has 88 keys. Due to its ideal size and appearance in a living room, it is an excellent living room grand piano.

Grand Semi-Concert

This 88-key piano ranges from 6’11” to 7’8″ (83 inches to 92 inches). It can be used as a substitute for a concert grand piano for concerts and performances.

Concert Hall

The concert grand is 8’11” to 9′ (107 inches to 108 inches) long and has 88 keys. Professional pianists use it in orchestras and larger performance halls.

The Benefits and Drawbacks of Grand Pianos

Here are the advantages and disadvantages of each piano type to help you decide. This will assist you in determining whether to purchase a piano with 61 or 88 keys.


  • A richer and louder sound
  • Ideal for large spaces
  • Increase in value
  • Elegant and opulent
  • For added protection, use a polymer finish.


  • More expensive
  • It occupies greater room.

What Is The Difference Between A Grand Piano And A Baby Grand Piano?

The baby grand piano is smaller and generates a sound that is less powerful and loudness. The grand piano, on the other hand, creates a more powerful and louder sound.

Because of the aforementioned factors, performers who perform their repertoire in large, open settings choose the grand piano over other types of instruments.

What is the number of keys on grand pianos and baby grand pianos? 88 keys are found on both grand and baby grand pianos. You’ll need all 88 keys if you want to play classical piano. A grand piano or a baby grand piano is therefore worthwhile.

How many white keys on a piano? What is the number of black keys? There are 52 white keys and 36 black keys in total.

The white keys are longer and represent the notes C, D, E, F, G, A, and B in the C major scale. On the other hand, the black key is shorter and placed further back on the keyboard than the white keys.


Pianos Of Various Types

Pianos That Are Upright Or Vertical

There are 88 keys on the upright piano as well. The threads, on the other hand, are parallel to the ground. It is in a good position, which means it is against gravity. As a result, the pianist must apply more pressure for the hammer hits the vertical strings.

Compared to a grand piano, an upright one has a smaller soundboard and shorter strings.

The height is approximately 3.5 feet to 4.5 feet (42 inches to 54 inches), the width is approximately 5 feet (60 inches), and the depth is approximately 2 feet (24 inches). It weighs between 400 and 500 pounds.

Piano with Spinets

The spinet piano is the smallest and shortest upright piano, with 88 keys. It stands 3′ to 3’2″ (36 to 38 inches) tall and 4’8″ wide (58 inches.) You can play this piano without worrying about it being too loud in your place.

Upright Pianos for Professionals

This 88-key keyboard is designed for professionals who want to perform in concert halls or larger venues. It is the highest upright piano, standing at 4′ tall (48 inches). Its tones are comparable to those of a baby grand piano.

Piano for Console

The console piano has 88 keys and stands between 3’5″ and 3’8″ feet tall (42 to 44 inches) and 4’8″ (58 inches) wide. It’s a little bigger than a spinet. This model kind may be best for you if you are a beginner-turned-professional.

Piano Studio

The 88-key studio piano is perfect for studio environments. This piano is an excellent choice for playing the piano in your apartment or music studio.

Because of its good sound and longevity, the piano is often utilized in musical education. It stands between 3’8″ and 4′ (45 and 48 inches) tall and is 4’8″ (58 inches) broad.

Upright pianos can cost anything between $2,000 and $9,000. Secondhand pianos can be found for as little as $500.

The Benefits and Drawbacks of Upright Pianos


  • Cost-effective
  • Utilize smaller areas.
  • Passes through doorways with ease
  • Transport is easier.


  • Value depreciation
  • The sound quality is inferior to that of a grand piano.
  • Temperature fluctuation sensitivity

Electric Pianos

The number of keys on a digital piano varies. They may, however, make the same sounds as grand and upright pianos.

There are no hammers or strings on this piano. When you press a key, a sensor is engaged, which produces the sound. The sensor will then use the speakers to play a recorded sound of an acoustic piano.

Other noises are sometimes added to specific keys. Some digital pianos include sounds of different keyboard instrument or background music.

There are digital pianos that can record your performance in real-time. The majority of them are portable, so you can take them wherever you go.

Digital pianos can range in price from $200 to $7,000. The piano’s size and characteristics determine the cost.

The Benefits and Drawbacks of Digital Pianos


  • Some are reasonably priced.
  • Transportable and convenient
  • Features for learning the piano have been added.
  • Other musical instruments’ sounds should be included.
  • Provide voice and music recording services.
  • Background music may be available.
  • There are numerous options for the amount of keys (61, 66, and 88)


  • Not all create rich, clear audio.
  • Some are not long-lasting.

How Many Black Keys On A Piano?

There are 52 white keys and 36 black keys on a full-sized piano with seven white keys and five black keys in each octave, which makes each one unique.

Natural music notes are played on the white keys, while sharps and flats are played on the black keys.

Some of the black keys on expanded pianos are also labeled to indicate that the piano is extended.

How many black and white keys are there?

A keyboard’s number of keys varies. The 66 key version, 72 key version, and 88 key version are three popular versions.


How Many Black Keys On A Piano

Should I Acquire A 61-Key Keyboard Or An 88-Key Keyboard?

If you’re a seasoned pianist who’s been playing for a while, the 88-key piano is preferable because it allows you to do a lot more.

If you are a beginner or want to learn how to play the piano, however, the 61 key keyboards are recommended. This is simpler and easy to comprehend and understand. However, if you wish to play classical music, the 61-key piano limits you. This is because, unlike tunes, vocal ranges are not constrained.

Yamaha, W. Hoffman, Steinway and Son, and others are some of the top piano makers. Broughton Pianos has these manufacturers’ pianos in stock. Their website,, has more information on pricing and shipping.

Both digital and acoustic pianos are available in stock at Broughton at reasonable costs.

Why Did Piano Manufacturers Stop Themselves To 88 Keys?

Today’s composers typically write piano music that fits within an 88-key model’s range. Most piano makers recognize this as the limit because anything outside of this range is too high or low for the human ear.

There are, however, a few exceptions. In 2018, Stuart and Sons achieved a world record by creating a nine-octave piano with 108 keys.

Bösendorfer sells 97-key pianos, which have nine extra keys that are colored black to distinguish them from normal 88-key pianos. The keys are rarely utilized, but the additional bass strings lend harmonic resonance to the instrument’s rich, overall sound.

Choosing the Right Number of Piano Keys


Choosing the Right Number of Piano Keys

Determine your objectives

What is your plan for playing the piano? Are you a novice or an experienced player? Do you intend to play professionally or simply as a hobby?

If you wish to learn first and then pursue a professional piano career, you should start with the baby grand. It may appear challenging, but you must become accustomed to using all 88 keys if this is your objective.

You may choose a digital or a tiny piano with fewer keys if you only want to learn as a hobby (61, 66, or 72.) You can learn to play quickly because there are fewer keys to remember.

You can also choose a keyboard with 44 keys if the piano is for your children.

Pick the Right Keyboard

If you must use a keyboard, choose one with 88 keys and seven octaves. Some keyboards only have 54 keys. Make sure the keys are weighted.

The weighted keys will make playing standard piano keys easier in the future. To properly place the keyboard, you’ll need an adjustable stand.

The number of piano keys required for beginners is 66.

For beginners, how many keys should a piano have? Beginners should be able to learn the piano with 66 keys. The 66 keys are sufficient for learning to play.

The Piano’s Playing Power Is Proportional to the Number of Keys

You can play more notes if you have more keys. As a result, the number of keys on a piano is proportionate to its playing power.

This, of course, only applies if you are a professional pianist. For beginners, having so many keys can be overwhelming.

Think about the keys’ durability.

You should think about the amount of keys and the endurance of the keys. Ivory piano keys are more durable than plastic piano keys. Ivory keys absorb moisture from the fingers and make playing easier.

Nonetheless, several piano producers are increasingly employing white plastic instead of ivory for ethical concerns. Ivory is prohibited everywhere because it derives from elephant tusks.

To ensure that your white plastic keys survive a long time, use well-known manufacturers. Yamaha and Steinway are two examples.



FAQs About How Many Keys On Piano

How Many Strings In A Piano?

Metal strings are found within acoustic pianos. A hammer strikes the string, causing it to vibrate as you press a key. That is the source of the sound. Most piano keys have three strings. However, the lowest ones only have one or two. As a result, the average piano has approximately 230 strings.

How Many Octaves On A Piano?

Because an octave has 12 notes, you may calculate the number of entire octaves on a conventional piano by dividing 88 by 12 and rounding down. We have seven complete octaves by reducing down to 88/12 = 7.33. The number of octaves in a smaller or larger pianos can be determined using the same method.


There are some exceptions to the norm, but if you’re looking for a precise number, Fidlar believes it’s safe to state that the piano has 88 keys. We hope you found this article useful and that it helped you understand the number of keys on a piano. If you have any questions, please leave them in the comments below.

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